Rise of the Machines A Cybernetic History

Rise of the Machines  A Cybernetic History Author Thomas Rid
ISBN-10 9780393286014
Release 2016-06-28
Pages 432
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"Dazzling.” —Financial Times As lives offline and online merge even more, it is easy to forget how we got here. Rise of the Machines reclaims the spectacular story of cybernetics, one of the twentieth century’s pivotal ideas. Springing from the mind of mathematician Norbert Wiener amid the devastation of World War II, the cybernetic vision underpinned a host of seductive myths about the future of machines. Cybernetics triggered blissful cults and military gizmos, the Whole Earth Catalog and the air force’s foray into virtual space, as well as crypto-anarchists fighting for internet freedom. In Rise of the Machines, Thomas Rid draws on unpublished sources—including interviews with hippies, anarchists, sleuths, and spies—to offer an unparalleled perspective into our anxious embrace of technology.



Rise of the Machines

Rise of the Machines Author Thomas Rid
ISBN-10 0393354954
Release 2017-11-21
Pages 432
Download Link Click Here

As lives offline and online merge ever more, it is easy to forget how we got here. Rise of the Machines reclaims the spectacular story of cybernetics, one of the twentieth century's pivotal ideas. Springing from the febrile mind of mathematician Norbert Wiener amid the devastation of World War II, the cybernetic vision underpinned a host of seductive myths about the future of machines. Cybernetics triggered blissful cults and military gizmos, the Whole Earth Catalog and the U.S. Air Force's foray into virtual space. As Rid shows, cybernetics proved a powerful tool for two competing factions--those who sought to make a better world and those who sought to control the one at hand. In the Bay Area, techno-libertarians embraced networked machines as the portal to a new electronic frontier: a peaceful, open space of freedom. In Washington, DC, cyberspace provided the perfect theater for dominance and war. Drawing on unpublished sources including interviews with hippies, anarchists, sleuths, and spies, Rise of the Machines offers an unparalleled perspective into our anxious embrace of technology.



Rise of the Machines

Rise of the Machines Author Thomas Rid
ISBN-10 1925321428
Release 2016-06-27
Pages 462
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Thomas Rid's revelatory cybernetic history pulls together disparate threads in the history of technology, from the invention of radar and pilotless flying bombs in World War Two to today's age of CCTV, cryptocurrencies and virtual realities. Rid traces how our anxieties about privacy and security have long shaped the new digital future that we have been steadily, sometimes inadvertently, creating for ourselves. Rise of the Machinesmakes a singular and significant contribution to the advancement of our clearer understanding of our gadget-obsessed future - and of the puzzling past that has generated it. The line between utopia and dystopia turned out to be disturbingly thin.



The Cybernetics Moment

The Cybernetics Moment Author Ronald R. Kline
ISBN-10 9781421416724
Release 2015-06-25
Pages 352
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Cybernetics—the science of communication and control as it applies to machines and to humans—originates from efforts during World War II to build automatic anti-aircraft systems. Following the war, this science extended beyond military needs to examine all systems that rely on information and feedback, from the level of the cell to that of society. In The Cybernetics Moment, Ronald R. Kline, a senior historian of technology, examines the intellectual and cultural history of cybernetics and information theory, whose language of "information," "feedback," and "control" transformed the idiom of the sciences, hastened the development of information technologies, and laid the conceptual foundation for what we now call the Information Age. Kline argues that, for about twenty years after 1950, the growth of cybernetics and information theory and ever-more-powerful computers produced a utopian information narrative—an enthusiasm for information science that influenced natural scientists, social scientists, engineers, humanists, policymakers, public intellectuals, and journalists, all of whom struggled to come to grips with new relationships between humans and intelligent machines. Kline traces the relationship between the invention of computers and communication systems and the rise, decline, and transformation of cybernetics by analyzing the lives and work of such notables as Norbert Wiener, Claude Shannon, Warren McCulloch, Margaret Mead, Gregory Bateson, and Herbert Simon. Ultimately, he reveals the crucial role played by the cybernetics moment—when cybernetics and information theory were seen as universal sciences—in setting the stage for our current preoccupation with information technologies. -- Gregory J. Downey, University of Wisconsin'



Cyber War Will Not Take Place

Cyber War Will Not Take Place Author Thomas Rid
ISBN-10 9780199365463
Release 2013-09-01
Pages 218
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"Cyber war is coming," announced a land-mark RAND report in 1993. In 2005, the U.S. Air Force boasted it would now fly, fight, and win in cyberspace, the "fifth domain" of warfare. This book takes stock, twenty years on: is cyber war really coming? Has war indeed entered the fifth domain? Cyber War Will Not Take Place cuts through the hype and takes a fresh look at cyber security. Thomas Rid argues that the focus on war and winning distracts from the real challenge of cyberspace: non-violent confrontation that may rival or even replace violence in surprising ways. The threat consists of three different vectors: espionage, sabotage, and subversion. The author traces the most significant hacks and attacks, exploring the full spectrum of case studies from the shadowy world of computer espionage and weaponised code. With a mix of technical detail and rigorous political analysis, the book explores some key questions: What are cyber weapons? How have they changed the meaning of violence? How likely and how dangerous is crowd-sourced subversive activity? Why has there never been a lethal cyber attack against a country's critical infrastructure? How serious is the threat of "pure" cyber espionage, of exfiltrating data without infiltrating humans first? And who is most vulnerable: which countries, industries, individuals?



War 2 0 Irregular Warfare in the Information Age

War 2 0  Irregular Warfare in the Information Age Author Thomas Rid
ISBN-10 9780313364716
Release 2009-05-14
Pages 280
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War 2.0: Irregular Warfare in the Information Age argues that two intimately connected grassroots trends—the rise of insurgencies and the rise of the web—are putting modern armies under huge pressure to adapt new forms of counterinsurgency to new forms of social war.



Cybernetic Revolutionaries

Cybernetic Revolutionaries Author Eden Medina
ISBN-10 9780262525961
Release 2014-01-10
Pages 344
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A historical study of Chile's twin experiments with cybernetics and socialism, and what they tell us about the relationship of technology and politics.



The Cybernetic Brain

The Cybernetic Brain Author Andrew Pickering
ISBN-10 0226667928
Release 2010-04-15
Pages 560
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Cybernetics is often thought of as a grim military or industrial science of control. But as Andrew Pickering reveals in this beguiling book, a much more lively and experimental strain of cybernetics can be traced from the 1940s to the present. The Cybernetic Brain explores a largely forgotten group of British thinkers, including Grey Walter, Ross Ashby, Gregory Bateson, R. D. Laing, Stafford Beer, and Gordon Pask, and their singular work in a dazzling array of fields. Psychiatry, engineering, management, politics, music, architecture, education, tantric yoga, the Beats, and the sixties counterculture all come into play as Pickering follows the history of cybernetics’ impact on the world, from contemporary robotics and complexity theory to the Chilean economy under Salvador Allende. What underpins this fascinating history, Pickering contends, is a shared but unconventional vision of the world as ultimately unknowable, a place where genuine novelty is always emerging. And thus, Pickering avers, the history of cybernetics provides us with an imaginative model of open-ended experimentation in stark opposition to the modern urge to achieve domination over nature and each other.



Designing Freedom

Designing Freedom Author Stafford Beer
ISBN-10 9780887848551
Release 1993-11-18
Pages 112
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Distinguished cyberneticist Stafford Beer states the case for a new science of systems theory and cybernetics. His essays examine such issues as The Real Threat to All We Hold Most Dear, The Discarded Tools of Modern Man, A Liberty Machine in Prototype, Science in the Service of Man, The Future That Can Be Demanded Now, The Free Man in a Cybernetic World. Designing Freedom ponders the possibilities of liberty in a cybernetic world.



The Robot

The Robot Author Lisa Nocks
ISBN-10 0313331685
Release 2007
Pages 192
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Discusses the history of robotic technology, from mechanical toys, to factory machinery, to recent advancements in artificial intelligence.



Constructing a Social Science for Postwar America

Constructing a Social Science for Postwar America Author Steve J. Heims
ISBN-10 UOM:39015032434808
Release 1993
Pages 334
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Focusing on the Macy Foundation conferences, a series of encounters that captured a moment of transformation in the human sciences.



Out Of Control

Out Of Control Author Kevin Kelly
ISBN-10 9780786747030
Release 2009-04-30
Pages 528
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Out of Control chronicles the dawn of a new era in which the machines and systems that drive our economy are so complex and autonomous as to be indistinguishable from living things.



The Human Use Of Human Beings

The Human Use Of Human Beings Author Norbert Wiener
ISBN-10 9780786752263
Release 1988-03-22
Pages 200
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Only a few books stand as landmarks in social and scientific upheaval. Norbert Wiener's classic is one in that small company. Founder of the science of cybernetics—the study of the relationship between computers and the human nervous system—Wiener was widely misunderstood as one who advocated the automation of human life. As this book reveals, his vision was much more complex and interesting. He hoped that machines would release people from relentless and repetitive drudgery in order to achieve more creative pursuits. At the same time he realized the danger of dehumanizing and displacement. His book examines the implications of cybernetics for education, law, language, science, technology, as he anticipates the enormous impact—in effect, a third industrial revolution—that the computer has had on our lives.



The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics

The Nature of the Machine and the Collapse of Cybernetics Author Alcibiades Malapi-Nelson
ISBN-10 9783319545172
Release 2017-07-03
Pages 299
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This book is a philosophical exploration of the theoretical causes behind the collapse of classical cybernetics, as well as the lesson that this episode can provide to current emergent technologies. Alcibiades Malapi-Nelson advances the idea that the cybernetic understanding of the nature of a machine entails ontological and epistemological consequences that created both material and theoretical conundrums. However, he proposes that given our current state of materials research, scientific practices, and research tools, there might be a way for cybernetics to flourish this time. The book starts with a historical and theoretical articulation of cybernetics in order to proceed with a philosophical explanation of its collapse—emphasizing the work of Alan Turing, Ross Ashby and John von Neumann. Subsequently, Malapi-Nelson unveils the common metaphysical signature shared between cybernetics and emergent technologies, identifying this signature as transhumanist in nature. Finally, avenues of research that may allow these disruptive technologies to circumvent the cybernetic fate are indicated. It is proposed that emerging technologies ultimately entail an affirmation of humanity.



John Von Neumann and Norbert Wiener

John Von Neumann and Norbert Wiener Author Steve J. Heims
ISBN-10 UCLA:L0065831968
Release 1982
Pages 568
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A double biography compares the lives and careers of two innovative mathematicians and assesses their respective contributions in the areas of quantum mechanics and cybernetics



The Allure of Machinic Life

The Allure of Machinic Life Author John Johnston
ISBN-10 9780262101264
Release 2008
Pages 461
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An account of the creation of new forms of life and intelligence in cybernetics, artificial life, and artificial intelligence that analyzes both the similarities and the differences among these sciences in actualizing life.The Allure of Machinic Life



Cravings

Cravings Author Judy Collins
ISBN-10 9781101971901
Release 2018-01-02
Pages 288
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Since childhood, legendary folk singer Judy Collins has had a tumultuous relationship with food. Her issues with overeating nearly claimed her career and her life. For decades she thought she simply lacked self-discipline. She tried nearly every diet plan that exists, often turning to alcohol to dull the pain of yet another failed attempt to control her seemingly insatiable cravings. Today, Judy knows she suffers from an addiction to sugar, grains, flour, and wheat. She adheres to a strict diet of unprocessed foods, consumed in carefully measured portions. This solution has allowed her to maintain a healthy weight, to enjoy the glow of good health, and to attain peace of mind. Alternating between chapters on her life and those on the many diet gurus she has encountered along the way, Cravings is the culmination of Judy's desire to share what she's learned--so that no one else has to struggle in the same way she did.